Azure Runbook for Posting to the OMS API

For MMSMOA 2017, I created an Azure Runbook that could post to the OMS API. Well, it’s more than a month later, but I finally got around to making a post around it. I’m going to skip the basics of creating a runbook, but if you need a primer, I suggest starting here.

Let’s start with the runbook itself. Here is a decent template that I modified from the OMS API documentation. This template takes an input string, parses the string into 3 different fields, and sends those fields over to OMS. Here’s the runbook:

    [Parameter (Mandatory= $true)]
    [string] $InputString

$CustomerID = Get-AutomationVariable -Name "CustomerID"
$SharedKey = Get-AutomationVariable -Name "SharedKey"
write-output $customerId
write-output $SharedKey
$date = (get-date).AddHours(-1)

# Specify the name of the record type that you'll be creating
$LogType = "MyRecordType"

# Specify a field with the created time for the records
$TimeStampField = "DateValue"

# Create the function to create the authorization signature
Function Build-Signature ($customerId, $sharedKey, $date, $contentLength, $method, $contentType, $resource)
    $xHeaders = "x-ms-date:" + $date
    $stringToHash = $method + "`n" + $contentLength + "`n" + $contentType + "`n" + $xHeaders + "`n" + $resource

    $bytesToHash = [Text.Encoding]::UTF8.GetBytes($stringToHash)
    $keyBytes = [Convert]::FromBase64String($sharedKey)

    $sha256 = New-Object System.Security.Cryptography.HMACSHA256
    $sha256.Key = $keyBytes
    $calculatedHash = $sha256.ComputeHash($bytesToHash)
    $encodedHash = [Convert]::ToBase64String($calculatedHash)
    $authorization = 'SharedKey {0}:{1}' -f $customerId,$encodedHash
    return $authorization

# Create the function to create and post the request
Function Post-OMSData($customerId, $sharedKey, $body, $logType)
    $method = "POST"
    $contentType = "application/json"
    $resource = "/api/logs"
    $rfc1123date = [DateTime]::UtcNow.ToString("r")
    $contentLength = $body.Length
    $signature = Build-Signature `
        -customerId $customerId `
        -sharedKey $sharedKey `
        -date $rfc1123date `
        -contentLength $contentLength `
        -fileName $fileName `
        -method $method `
        -contentType $contentType `
        -resource $resource
    $uri = "https://" + $customerId + "" + $resource + "?api-version=2016-04-01"

    $headers = @{
        "Authorization" = $signature;
        "Log-Type" = $logType;
        "x-ms-date" = $rfc1123date;
        "time-generated-field" = $TimeStampField;

    $response = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri $uri -Method $method -ContentType $contentType -Headers $headers -Body $body -UseBasicParsing
    $WhatISent = "Invoke-WebRequest -Uri $uri -Method $method -ContentType $contentType -Headers $headers -Body $body -UseBasicParsing"
    write-output $WhatISent
    return $response.StatusCode

# Submit the data to the API endpoint

$ComputerName = $InputString.split(';')[0]
$AlertName = $InputString.split(';')[1]
$AlertValue = $InputString.split(';')[2]

# Craft JSON
$json = @"
[{  "StringValue": "$AlertName",
    "Computer": "$computername",
    "NumberValue": "$AlertValue",
    "BooleanValue": true,
    "DateValue": "$date",
    "GUIDValue": "9909ED01-A74C-4874-8ABF-D2678E3AE23D"

Post-OMSData -customerId $customerId -sharedKey $sharedKey -body ([System.Text.Encoding]::UTF8.GetBytes($json)) -logType $logType  

There are a couple of things to note with this runbook – first, the date it will post into OMS will be Central Standard Time. If you want to change to another timezone, change the $date = (get-date).AddHours(-1) line (aligning to EST). Second, this script has output which you can remove. The output will only show up in the output section in Azure Automation, which makes it handy for troubleshooting. The third thing you might want to change is the $LogType = “MyRecordType” line. This is the name that OMS will give the log (with one caveat mentioned below).

So, create your runbook in Azure Automation, and give it a test. You will be prompted for the InputString. In my example here, I will use the input string of “Blog Test;Critical;This is a test of an Azure Runbook that calls the OMS HTTP API”

Give it a minute or so, and you are rewarded with this:

Notice the “_CL” at the end of my log name? Notice the “_S” at the end of the fields? OMS does that automatically – CL for custom log, S for string (or whatever data type you happen to pass).

There you have it – runbooks that post to OMS. Add a webbook to the Runbook, and call it from Flow. Send an email to an inbox, have Flow trigger the Runbook with some of the email data, and suddenly you have the ability to send emails and have that data appear in OMS.

OMS and Flow Integration – Best Friends Forever

The alert actions in Microsoft OMS are great, but they can be a bit limited. Sending emails can be boring, ignored, or end up in the spam folder. Runbooks are awesome, but can take some time to setup. What if you want to use a simple Microsoft Flow to perform other actions? Flow is fast, simple, reliable, and mobile ready. Here is how to make OMS and Flow best friends – and make you look like a rockstar!

Go to and select “Create a RequestBin”
Copy the Bin URL. You will need this in a minute.
Open OMS and head to the alert you want to make awesome (Overview – Settings – Alerts).
Turn on the Webhook action, and paste the url into the “WebHook URL” field.
Check the box to turn on the “Include Custon JSON Payload”. Paste this json into the field below the checkbox:


Note: You might want to remove the “searchquery” json pair – the alert queries that have special characters can really cause havoc with the webhook.
Hit “Test WebHook”. If you get an error, remove the searchquery section out of the json and try again. If it occurs again, shoot me an email and I will be glad to help.
Go back to and refresh your page. You should see something like this:

Copy out the “Raw Body” section.
Open Flow, and create a new Flow (My Flows, Create from Blank)
For the Trigger – pick “Request/Response – Request”. When you click on the trigger, it will open the Flow for editing.
Click on “Use sample payload to generate schema”, and paste in the data you got from Click “Done”. Flow has now setup of the JSON schema that the rest of your Flow will use.
Add another other Flow action like you normally would – For example, you might want to add these alerts to a Sharepoint list, or perhaps put them in a SQL database for archiving. The fields that are available to the actions that follow the Request trigger depend on the fields that were sent by the alert – I suggest that you play around with Threshold vs Metric alerts so you can see how they post to Flow.
One last step – when you save the Flow, make sure you go into the “Request” trigger and copy the URL. You will want to paste that url in the OMS alert Webhook URL (remove the url). Now, when the alert triggers, it will pass the data to Flow rather than

Once you have the alerts coming to Flow, the possibilities are endless – want to see those Alerts on your phone? Get PowerApps and in 5 minutes you can point it at the SQL database you are using to store the alerts. Want a mobile notification? Piece of cake with Flow. Hell, maybe you want to Tweet those alerts for some reason – Go for it! I won’t tell you not to.

OMS Custom JSON Payload with all Attributes

When using a custom JSON payload in an OMS Alert, knowing which attributes are available can be difficult. It took me way too long to find this. These are the attributes that I find most handy (and I believe this is a mostly complete list as of the time of this post). The odd-ball one here – IncludeSearchReqults, is a simple True/False, and will send the bulk of the data to whatever webhook you are using. Without this pair, you will only get alert information, not information from the actual event that triggered the alert.

Another one to keep an eye on is the ‘searchquery’ pair. This pair (obviously) sends the Alert Search Query to the webhook. Because the queries can often contain special characters, and the webhooks can be finicky when it comes to special character translation, I will often exclude this pair to keep everyone happy. If you use the payload below, but your webhook fails when testing, remove the searchquery pair and try again.